• Growth 1 to 4 feet tall
• Flowers May to August
• Roots can go down 8 to 10 feet.
• Will form dense colonies; reproduces by rhizomes and seeds.
• Deer will consume the leaves, and upland birds will eat the seeds.
• The Pawnee and Dakota used an infusion of wild licorice leaves to treat ear aches and gave a decoction of the root to alleviate children’s fevers. The Lakota would chew the root to soothe toothaches.
• Adapted to moist open sites such as prairie draws, ravines, and stream banks.