• Other common names, “Honey mesquite.”
• Mesquite is a thorny deciduous shrub or small tree up to 30 feet tall.
• Flowers are yellowish-green and bloom May to September.
• The fruit is a long seedpod that ripens August to September.
• The seedpods are an important source of food for deer, livestock, birds, and small mammals.
• However, the seeds can be toxic in large quantities as a primary food source.
• Native American Indians used the seeds for bread and alcohol.
• A black dye can be generated from mesquite for use on pottery; gum from the bark was eaten as candy or dissolved in water for dysentery; also used for wounds or scratchy throat treatment.
• Adapted to clayey and sandy loam soils throughout most of Texas.