• Also known as, “Baldwin ironweed” and “Western ironweed.” The common name of “Ironweed” relates to the toughness of the stems, which are very difficult to cut or pull out of the ground.
• Flowers July to September.
• Adapted to dry or heavily-grazed pastures, open upland sites, and along roadsides on a variety of soils.
• Very bitter and is not consumed by cattle, but sheep will eat it. Of little value to wildlife.