• Occurs in nearly pure stands on alkaline or saline soils in valleys and meadows, sandy soils of desert foothills or roadsides, also dry and gravelly slopes
• Most abundant on moderately-moist alkaline soils of bottomlands where other species are not adapted.
• Withstands flooding well.
• Flowers April to September
• Seeds remain viable for many years
• Reproduces by seed and tillers
• Good value for livestock grazing
• Provide fawning cover for deer and nesting cover for bobwhites